The VADs appropriate in emerrgency in the pediatric patient are substantially all short-term, either peripheral (short cannulas and mini-midlines) or central (non-tunneled CICC and FICC). In emergency, neither the PICC nor the traditional midline nor the tunneled catheters nor the devices for long-term venous access have a role - as a rule.

It is important to underline that with the term 'emergency' we also refer to peripheral and central venous access devices positioned in an unplanned way in the operating room, before an urgent or non-urgent surgical procedure. These VADs should be preferentially removed within 24-48 hours; in fact, emergency positioning (or in any case in a hurried and unscheduled manner) is not usually compatible with an appropriate adherence to international recommendations for infection prevention.